The Road to Wigan Pier

41-susyW2IL._SX333_BO1,204,203,200_The Road to Wigan Pier, which was commissioned by the Left Book Club, was published originally in England during 1937. The author Eric Blair, published his work, as he did with many others, under the pseudonym of George Orwell. The book is designed in a two-part manor. The first half of the text outlines the travels, Orwell had to the industrialized northern cities of England. These cities were dilapidated and due to the housing crisis, many of the working class were forced into living conditions which by their very own standards, deemed sub-par. Orwell, describes these social-environmental conditions, and the people who were plagued by them. (more…)

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Catholicism: The Origin of Independent Thought

640px-Andrea_Pozzo_-_Allegory_of_the_Jesuits'_Missionary_Work_-_WGA18353The Catholic Reformation extended from the Council of Trent (1545-1563), to the end of the Thirty Years War (1648), and was a direct response to the Protestant Reformation (1517). This segment of western civilization has been characterized as a time in which, the Catholic church fractured, and ultimately broke into several fragments, differentiating themselves by their doctrinal beliefs. (more…)

FYODOR DOSTOYEVSKY AND HIS NOVEL CRIME AND PUNISHMENT

9811Fyodor Dostoyevsky (1821-1881) in January and February of 1866 published the beginnings of his world renown novel, Crime and Punishment, in Mikhail Katkov’s journal, the Russian Messenger. Dostoyevsky’s writing has become some of the most well-known Russian literature in Western culture, and has been categorized with the works of other Russian writers such as Leo Tolstoy and Alexander Pushkin. (more…)

Brave New World & Brave New World Revisited by Aldous Huxley

41l+4UobkRL._SX325_BO1,204,203,200_Aldous Huxley was born in Godalming, England on July 26th, 1894. He has been credited as one of the most influential writers, and philosophers of the 20th century. A graduate from Balliol College at the University of Oxford, Huxley graduated with first class honors in English Literature. At age 17 he wrote his first novel, which was never published. His fifth attempt, titled Brave New World, was an astonishing success, and is recognized as a dystopia masterpiece. Over the course of Huxley’s career as a writer, he has published over 50 books, in addition to many magazine articles, and essays. (more…)

Power Kills: Democracy as a Method of Nonviolence

download (1)Published in 1997, R.J. Rummel’s book titled, Power Kills: Democracy as a Method of Nonviolence, carefully makes the case for why democratic societies are less likely to enter into conflicts, or commit violent acts against their own populations. He argues his hypothesis by providing his readers with extensive research on the subject, and cites a litany of substantiated political and social science research finds. His focus primarily addresses three prominent governmental systems: democratic, authoritarian, and totalitarian. (more…)

The Best War Ever: A Review

51QPt8qe2wL._SX318_BO1,204,203,200_The Second World War has been described ever since its conclusion as, a “Good War”, a “Just War”, and a “Necessary War”. These beliefs have led some to hallmark Word War II, as “The Best War Ever”. In 1994, Michael C.C. Adams tackles this idea head on, and squares the mythological beliefs of the war, to the hard-cold realities; which have been sweep under the rug, in attempt to glorify the hard-won Allied victory. In his book titled, Best War Ever: America and World War II, he elicits each chapter a different poplar myth, which is common place in America’s perspective of the war. (more…)

The Forgotten Holocaust of World War II

4ZL1jTEPublished in 1997, The Rape of Nanking: The forgotten Holocaust of World War II, pulled back the curtain, and presented to the world one of the most horrific war atrocities ever committed. Written by Iris Chang, the book presents its’ readers with an eye-widening spectacle of absolute hell on earth, that the citizens of Nanking faced at the hands of the Japanese imperial army. (more…)